Heusden – a lovely fortified town in the Netherlands

Although Heusden is quite petite, it has rich history and offers visitors a great experience. Heusden is located on the banks of the River Meuse (Maas) in the Province of North-Brabant in the South of the Netherlands and is one of the walled towns in the country. Seen from the air, Heusden has the shape of a star. In the visitors centre in Heusden, there is a beautifully executed model of the town, so that you can get an idea of how it looks from above. Heusden makes it a perfect destination for a one day trip from Amsterdam, or from another big city (Den Bosch, Utrecht, Eindhoven, Breda) in the Netherlands.

Heusden is not really super touristy, it is more popular among the locals as a biking destination from the nearest big cities, or a weekend escape. It is absolutely charming and much worth the visit. The whole town has been completely reconstructed, but unlike an open-air museum, which serves only as a tourist attraction, Heusden is a place where people actually can live and work.


Information about Heusden

History of Heusden

For the first time the name of the settlement is mentioned in 722, but it is only in the 12th century when the town began to form itself around the Castle of Heusden. The first defensive walls around the town were built in the 14th century. At the end of the 16th century the fortifications were reinforced and modernized. Through the centuries the town grew and the defensive walls were expanded further.

A model of the walled town Heusden
A model of the walled town Heusden

Heusden and WWII

Just at the end of the WWII the town suffered one of the biggest tragedies in its history. On the night of 4th to 5th November 1944 there was announced an artillery attack. 170 civilians gathered in the cellars of the town hall to seek shelter. In the early morning of 5th November, the Germans detonated the tower of the town hall which collapsed on the building itself, killing 134 people, a 10% of the town’s population then. Few hours later the town was liberated by a Scottish Division. The detonation of the town hall was investigated as a war crime as the explosives were put in such a way that the tower would collapse onto the building and not on the street, for example. However, those who executed and led this operation were never charged. There are still stories that go around about those tragic events.

Flowers in Heusden, the Netherands

Space is scarce in Heusden and the houses do not have front yards, but the people of Heusden are creative, turning the sidewalks in beautiful gardens.

How to get to Heusden

By car

The best way to get to Heusden from Amsterdam or anywhere in the Netherlands, is by car. Just outside the town walls there are three parking places where you can park your car for free. Within the town walls the service is paid and quite restricted. The streets are tiny and the places are limited. So when coming to Heusden by car, please, park outside as the town is too small.

By public transport

With public transportation it takes less than 2 hours to go to Heusden from Amsterdam. First take the train from the central train station in Amsterdam to ‘s-Hertogenbosch (about an hour) and then bus 135 to Wijk en Aalburg (about 20 min). The bus station in ‘s-Hertogenbosch (Den Bosch) is next to the train station. You can plan your trip to Heusden by clicking on the Plan my journey button bellow.

Engstraat, Heusden, the Netherlands, Brabant
Engstraat, Heusden, the Netherlands

Engstraat is a tiny street that connects the Fish Market (Vismarkt) with Bottermark Street. There are plenty of tiny streets and alleys in Heusden with unexpected endings and hidden treasures.

What to do in Heusden

Despite the small size, Heusden is absolutely adorable. Just stroll around and get lost. Well, you can’t really get lost as you would always reach the town walls in less than 15 minutes, no matter where you are.

Sightseeing in Heusden

The fortifications

Heusden was one of the first walled towns in the Netherlands. The building of the fortifications began in 1579 and was accomplished in 1597. However, by the 19th century nothing was left from these once glorious fortifications. Today, the defence works are completely restored according to an old map from 1649. The fortifications are a great place for a walk. You can make a complete circle around the town walking on the elevated fortifications. You will have some beautiful views on the surrounding scenery and the town itself.

Heusden, fortifications, water, the Netherlands, Brabant
Heusden, the fortifications

The fortifications of Heusden were a complex structure of water, dikes, towers and ramparts. You can witness these beautiful views when you walk from one of the parking places towards the tiny town.

The town hall

The old town hall was completely destroyed by the explosions on the early morning of 5th November 1944. It was one of the most beautiful town hall buildings in the Netherlands, built in 1461. After the war it was rebuilt but not to its previous state. The new building was opened in 1956. Today there is a visitors centre, which hosts various exhibitions. Here you can see models of the old town hall and the whole town including the fortifications.

Town Hall, Heusden, the Netherlands, Brabant, church yard
The Town Hall, Heusden, the Netherlands

An unusual view of the Town Hall – from the churchyard of the Grote Kerk. Once one of the most imposing town hall buildings in the country, it was completely destroyed at the end of WWII.

Bottermarkt, Heusden, the Netherlands, Brabant, town hall, christmas decoration, snow
Bottermarkt, Heusden, the Netherlands

The Bottermarkt street with the town hall at the bottom. It is a busy street with small shops on both sides. The town is ready for Christmas!

The Gates

In the Middle Ages there were four town gates that would let people in and out of the town walls. Today, there are two completely reconstructed gates: The Ferry Gate (de Veerpoort) and The Wijkse Gate (de Wijkse poort) and remains of a third one – The Herptse Gate (de Herptse poort).

town gate, Hesuden, the Netherlands, fortifications, Brabant, town walls, walled town
The Wijkse Gate, Heusden, the Netherlands

One of the four gates in Heusden from the Middle Ages, fully reconstructed today – the Wijkse Gate (De Wijkse poort)

The Castle

Today, there is almost nothing left from this once very important castle. It was built in the 12 c. and was one of the biggest castles in Western Europe of its time. On 24 July 1680 a lightning hit the dunjon, where the munitions were stored, and the castle, together with the surrounding buildings and houses, was blown in the air. The only thing that survived after the explosion were the walls of a rectangular tower. The castle has never been completely restored afterwards.

Castle of Heusden, the Netherlands, Brabant, ruins, explosion, dunjon
The Castle of Heusden, the Netherlands

The ruins of the Castle of Heusden that was blown up in the air in 1680 after a lightning hit the dunjon with the munitions.

The Fish Market (Vismarkt)

This is the central square of Heusden. After walking around the town, you can stop for a drink at one of the many cafés at the square. If you want to drink your beer enjoying the yachts and the boats that stop at the marina, take a place at the Havenzicht café. If you a great fan of the Dutch style pancakes, you can have one at the Pannekoekenbakker. A local attraction at the square is the house with a cannonball in the wall – a proof of the turbulent past of this fortified town.

The Fish Market, Vismarkt, Heusden, Brabant, the Netherlands, cafes
The Fish Market (Vismarkt), Heusden, the Netherlands

The Fish Market (Vismarkt) is the town’s square. It is surrounded by cafes, restaurants and art galleries, a nice place just to hang out.

Houses, Fish Market, Vismarkt, Heusden, the Netherlands, Brabant
Houses on the Fish Market (Vismarkt), Heusden, the Netherlands

The Fish Market (Vismarkt) is a place where locals love to spend their Saturday afternoons. Heusden is also a preferred stop for bikers and motor bikers. If you are sailing a boat, you are also welcome in Heusden.

House, Cannonball in the wall, Heusden, the Netherlands, Brabant
The House with the Cannonball, Heusden

The famous house on the Fish Market (Vismarkt) that has a cannonball stuck in the wall. You can spot it to the right of the top window, near the bottom of the reinforcing bar. They call the house the Lost Cannonball (De Verdwaalde Kogel). Do you know that you can stay at that house? It has a restaurant and a hotel.


The Visbank is the place where fish was sold. Heusden received its rights to trade with fish in 1357. The Visbank with its 12 Dorian columns is a popular place for taking wedding pictures or just any type of pictures. Through an arched opening, there is a beautifully framed view to the small harbour, the bridge and one of the windmills. Don’t miss to take a picture there! It’s a postcard-worthy location.

arched gate, Visbank, Heusden, the Netherlands, Brabant, windmill, harbour
The arched gate at the Visbank, Heusden, the Netherlands

A favourite spot for many in Heusden – the arched gate at the Visbank, offers a beautiful view to the small harbour and the windmills.

Visbank, Heusden, the Netherlands, Brabant, dorian columns, arched gate
The Visbank, Heusden, the Netherlands

The Visbank in Heusden, where the fishmongers were doing their business. At the bottom is one of the busiest places for taking pictures in town – the arched gate.


There are 3 windmills in Heusden but they are not original. They were built in the 1970s. Anyway, they complement the skyline of Heusden and make it look very Dutch-like.

sunset in Heusden with windmills against purple sky, 4-day itinerary in North Brabant
Windmills at sunset in Heusden
Heusden, the Netherlands, Brabant, winter, snow, windmills
Heusden in winter

When it snows in the country of the windmills, Heusden turns into a fairy-tale town. It doesn’t happen often, so if you are in the winter in the Netherlands and it snows, head to Heusden!

Take an art tour in Heusden

For the art lovers Heusden has a lot to offer. There are many art galleries exhibiting contemporary local artists.  It is a pure delight to take a tour around the galleries of Heusden. History and modernity at one place.

Heusden, the Netherlands, modern art, sculpture
Art in Heusden

Modern art is not only in the galleries of Heusden but also on the streets, so watch out and you will be surprised by strange creatures.

Take a boat trip in Heusden

If you are done with the sightseeing on the ground, you can take a boat trip on the River Meuse (Maas). You can either hire a private boat or you can do one of the organized boat trips. For more information check at the Tourist Office. One of the companies, that does boat trips, has already published their schedule for 2018, but it is only Dutch. They operate between April and September.

Marina, Heusden, the Netherlands, Brabant, harbour, yachts, boats, dikes
The Marina in Heusden, the Netherlands

Heusden can be easily reached by boat. The town is on the River Meuse (Maas) and has a few harbours. If you don’t have a yacht, you can just stroll around.

Where to stay in Heusden

In case you decide to spend more than one day in Heusden, use the link below to search for deals in the town. The place is not very big, so the options are limited and you have to book well in advance, or you can stay alternatively in Den Bosch or in a neighbouring town.



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Heusden is a wonderful place to visit at any time of the year. If you happen to be in the Netherlands in one of those rare winters when there is snow, Heusden will look like a winter fairy tale. For Christmas the town has a lovely decoration. If you are visiting the Netherlands in October, Heusden is a hot spot for autumn foliage. The channels get covered with yellow and red leaves and as the waters would not bother to move, they will create a thick carpet of leaves. In spring you can see the sheep grazing on the dikes. In the summer you can take part in a 17 c. traditional market and festival.

2018 will be very important year for Heusden as they will celebrate 7 century existence and there will be quite a lot of festivities – one more reason to visit Heusden!

If you are visitng the Netherlands in spring, you might be interested in visiting Keukenhof – the most beautiful spring bulb flowers garden in the world!

Do you want to escape from the hustle and bustle of Amsterdam for more than one day, then a trip to the Biesbosch is just the perfect thing for you. It is a national park not very far from Heusden, where you can spend a lovely day sailing or hiking. Another national park that you can visit on a day trip from Heusden is the Dunes of Loon and Drunen – an amazing desert-like sand drift area with sand dunes.

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black silhouettes of two Dutch windmills at sunset with purple milky sky with overlay text Discover Heusden - a lovely fortified town in the Netherlands
a windmill with a small draw bridge and a tiny harbor with overlay text: A day trip from Amsterdam to Heusden

About Daniela

Daniela is the creator and writer of this travel blog. A writer by nature and occupation and traveller by heart, Daniela will take you to all forgotten corners of Europe and even beyond. She travels with her partner, but his only role is to be the greatest fan of this blog. To learn more, check out the About section.

6 thoughts on “Heusden – a lovely fortified town in the Netherlands”

  1. I was just planning a long weekend getaway to Amsterdam this morning so it’s perfect timing to see your post! I hadn’t thought of taking any day trips but I think I might need to. Xx


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